Journalism in Times of Crisis – University of Limerick April 7 2016

Journalism Times Crisis - Option 1


As the world continues to face the upheavals of war, migration and economic crises, it is pertinent to discuss the role of journalism and the media as a whole in the structures of contemporary society. Such a discussion is given added urgency at a time when the media continues to concentrate into privately owned monopolies with worsening conditions for media workers, more stringent editorial controls and a retreat from so-called ‘fourth estate’ ideologies into market driven strategies.

Likewise journalism as a profession is threatened by falling circulation figures, cuts in funding and the advent of click-bait pseudo journalism, churnalism and an ever greater reliance on public relations subsidies. Distribution too has been disrupted by the algorithms of Facebook and news-aggregators, that some argue is narrowing rather than widening readers perspectives.

Journalism’s independence from social and political forces has again come into question as seen with the cosy relationship between journalism and the financial and property sectors; while recently both newspapers and broadcasters are increasingly coming under accusations of bias in their reportage of social and political events.

This conference will bring together journalists, media workers and media theorists to discuss the role of journalism in the 21st century, conditions for journalists in the contemporary newsroom and prospects for the future of the media industry.

twitter: #crisisjournalism



09:45 Opening Address plus main keynote:

Location: Millstream Common room

Gemma O’Doherty, Investigative Journalist: ‘Media Concentration and Power’

Features Writer Gemma O'Doherty. Pic Frank Mc Grath

10:45AM coffee break

11:00 Panel Discussion
Location: Millstream Common room

Media Concentration and Power Chair: Bryan Dobson. Speakers Seamus Dooley (NUJ), Henry Silke (UL), more speakers to be added.

12:30 pm Lunch

1:30 Pm – 3-00 pm Parallel Sessions 1&2

3:00 – 3:15 Coffee

3:15 – 4:45 Parallel Sessions 3,4&5

5:00 – 6:00 Panel Discussion/ Debate
Location: Millstream Common Room

Talking about Water: Is the Media Biased? Chair: Mary Dundon. Speakers: Eoin Devereux, Paul Murphy TD, more speakers to be added

8:00 pm social event
Location: Millstream Common Room

Parallel Sessions

1: Journalism and the Economic Crisis
Julien Mercille (UCD)
Henry Silke UL (UL)
Fergal Quinn UL (UL)
Ciara Graham (IT Tallaght)
Aileen Marron (UL)

2: Journalism and Politics
Mary Dundon (UL)
Harry Browne (DIT)
Tom Clonan, (DIT)
Mark Cullinan (UCC)

3: Representation in times of Crisis
Gavan Titley (NUIM)
Angela Nagle (DCU)
Martin Power, Amanda Haynes (UL)
Kate Butler (Sunday Times)

4: Disruptions in Journalism
Eugenia Siapera (DCU)
Kathryn Hayes (UL)
John O Sullivan DCU
Tom Felle (UL)
Helena Sheehan (DCU)

5: New Journalism and the Radical Press (Panel Discussion)
Chair: Seamus Farrell (DCU)
James Redmond (Rabble)
Ronan Burtenshaw – (Village Magazine)
Dara McHugh (Look Left)
Dave Lordan – (Bogman’s Cannoon)
Lois Kapila (Dublin Inquirer)
Dara Quigley – (degreeofuncertainty)


Drowning in its own Bias? Thoughts on Waning Media Power and Social Media as Organising Tool

In previous posts we have discussed the fact that the Irish Water protests and movement has continued to grow despite being written off numerous times by mainstream media. Moreover  the movement has sustained itself  against overwhelming media bias, sensationalism and negative framing, in what has seemed an almost overt  attempted to de-legitimise the movement.

Yesterday Rory Hearn of the Geography department of Maynooth University published a paper which sheds some light on this process by (in part) looking at attitudes towards media among water activists and the use of social media as an organising tool, something we previously discussed here. This gives some empirical evidence towards the suspicion of waning media power among at least a significant segment of the population. A survey was conducted with over 2,500 anti water charge activists on their reasons for becoming involved, their attitudes towards the current government, tactics and future political preferences. Here we will highlight the reports findings about the media. The full report can be found here.

The report highlighted the mistrust of the mainstream media by the activists, and their preference of social media as a source:

The issue of the media was repeated as a significant theme in the respondents’ answers throughout the survey. They referred to the media portrayal of protestors as ‘biased’ and that the media was acting as ‘government supporters’. They criticised the media for its ‘failure to be objective’. They expressed strong feelings of contempt and anger at the coverage of the protests by the mainstream media. 86% of respondents described the media portrayal of the anti-water movement as negative. This composed of 45% describing it as ‘undermining the campaign’ and 41% saying it was ‘unfair’. Significantly Q 14 shows that protestors’ principal source of information about the campaign is overwhelmingly coming from social media as opposed to the traditional media. 82.6% were most informed about the campaign from social media. Only 6.4% of respondents were most informed from traditional media outlets

This is hardly surprising given the sensationalist nature of the mainstream coverage that would have been very much at odds with the lived reality of activists.  Moreover the report states:

In particular it was noted that they have used social media very effectively as a way of providing information that the mainstream media has not covered. The movement has, according to respondents, overcome the ‘propaganda’ from the mainstream media, gained attention of foreign media, and ‘brought the issue to national attention’. It has done this through ‘the effective use of social media to discredit mainstream media’. Respondents are concerned that ‘lies in the media with the help of the Gardai about the real number of protesters is unjust and unfair and if others knew how many were really there they might get interested and get educated about it’.

The report highlights issues that have been debated over the last number of years as  traditional media (print, television, radio) has been challenged by newer forms of publishing, social network sites and blogs that allow alternative views to be broadcast at a fraction of the traditional cost.   Easy access to alternative or external (extra national) forms of media through the internet allows people to escape the dominant media of their country if they wish, and on rare occasions so called ‘citizen journalism’ on the internet may break through dominant frames or agenda. However some research suggests that most news sourced on the internet comes from the websites of mainstream media groups (Castells 2009 p. 196).  However looking at the number of hits on youtube from uploads on by Irish water activists (sometimes in the hundreds of thousands) this may not be the case, though further research is necessary to confirm this  one way or another.

This so called ‘communication revolution’  may represent a paradigm shift in communications  as new forms of broadcasting through the internet have allowed for new forms of mass media and new forms of audiences and alternative forms of communication (Castells 2000, 2009). The contemporary media sphere sees numerous ‘entry points’ which can be utilised by producers/writers/reporters or political activists and has the potential of a mass audience.[1] The technological revolution for McChesney offers historical possibilities in other words the possibility that the internet might finally herald the advent of an open and inclusive ‘public sphere’ (Schuler and Day 2004 p. 3). And this has been certainly been the most extensive and  effective use of social media in Ireland to date. However it is important to remember that dominant groups have successfully usurped (or more commonly co-opted) such potentials many times before, and to date the traditional mass media still holds a vastly dominant position.  The success of the Irish movement’s use of social was made  possible by the mass dissemination of facebook in the Irish population with reports that up to half of the entire population have facebook accounts. This of course has inherent dangers as it gives a single company with little democratic oversight considerable powers.

It has also  been  argued that the online alternative media are at the core of (rather than simply reporting) the alternative social movements as they act as a force for organisation rather than simply reporting their actions and opinions (Coyer, Dowmunt and Fountain 2007).  This of course is nothing particularly new, as political newspapers were often seen firstly as organising tools and secondly as newspapers, or as Lenin (1901) expressed it the newspaper acted as the organisational ‘scaffolding’ for political movements or parties.[2]  The southern Mexican Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional (EZLN) movement were probably the first group to do so on an international scale in the mid-1990s. Since then many movements, most notably indymedia, have been able to use cheap production tools and cheap distribution on the internet to disseminate their views often breaking into the mainstream. However it is important not to confuse the dissemination of counter hegemonic views with counter hegemonic power, while sub-altern groups may be given a voice this does not guarantee political or economic power. For example the anarchist Worker’s Solidarity Movement (WSM), an organisation counted in the dozens, but with savvy programmers, is the second most popular political party on Facebook in Ireland with over 50,000 followers, this compares very well to Fine Gael (Ireland’s largest political party and major coalition partner) with only 10,000 followers. While the WSM is second only to a resurgent Sinn Fein (with 65,000 followers), nobody would argue that this popularity translates offline into political power.[3]

Others are  cautious around recent developments. For example theorists Chakravartty and Schiller (2010 p. 677) maintain that:

‘it would be at best naïve to assume that the authority of economic science that underpins digital capitalism and is reinforced across academic, policy and media fields can be simply undone through the transformative power of blogs, social networking and other user generated content’.

Moreover Blumler and Gurevitch (2001) also warn that the internet’s potential to facilitate more participatory political communication is dependent on considerable resources such as time and finance. David Simon in his testimony on the future of journalism discussed the need for a funded full time media workers:

But democratized and independent though they may be, you do not – in my city — run into bloggers or so-called citizen journalists at City Hall, or in the courthouse hallways or at the bars and union halls where police officers gather. You do not see them consistently nurturing and then pressing sources. You do not see them holding institutions accountable on a daily basis.

Eugenia Siapera (2013) warns that some of the windows of opportunity for citizens and political activists opened by the new forms of media production and distribution are closing. This is due to the development of the new online media ecosystem that sees an increased concentration of distributive power on internet platforms such as Facebook or Google (Siapera 2013 p. 14). The new powerful internet distributors operate by the logic of what Siapera defines as infomediation.  This can be defined as a process of bringing together information producers and information users to exchange contents and secondly to record as much data on users as possible to sell onto third parties – the process of immanent commodification. This leads to not only an introduction of new categories of news and information content but also the likelihood that the hierarchies will be related to how the infomederies may ‘value’ and monetise their readers; as  different audiences will be of different value to various advertisers. This according to Siapera is likely to impact on the actual distribution of news contents customised to fit the appropriate type of audience (Siapera 2013 p. 16). While on the one hand social media allows the easy dissemination for alternative views and politics it may be also argued that political activists must be cautioned against establishing isolated echo-chambers rather than engaging with wider society.


Blumler, J.G. and Gurevitch, M. 2001. The new media and our political communications discontents. Information, Communication and Society, 4(3), pp.435-457.

Castells, M. 2000. The Rise of the Network Society. 2nd ed.  Oxford: Blackwell.

Castells, M. 2009. Communication Power. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press.

Chakravartty, P. and Schiller, D. 2010. Neoliberal newspeak and digital capitalism in crisis. International Journal of Communication, (4), pp.670-692.

Coyer, K., Dowmunt, T. and Fountain, A. 2007. The Alternative Media Handbook. London: Routledge.

Lenin, V., I. 1901. Where to begin. Iskra,   

Preston, P. 2009. Making the News: Journalism and News Cultures in Contemporary Europe. New York, NY: Routledge.

Schuler, D. and Day, P. 2004. Shaping the Network Society: The New Role of Civil Society in Cyberspace. Cambridge, Ma ; London: MIT Press.

Siapera, E. 2013. Platform infomediation and journalism. Culture Machine, 13pp.1-29.

[1] Castells (2009 p. 55) calls these new form of communication mass self-communication, as they are potentially broadcast to a global audience and because the production of the message is self-directed and often the reception of the media is self-selected. These new forms of media hold a potential for subaltern groups and ideologies previously excluded from the mass media

[2] ‘The role of a newspaper, however, is not limited solely to the dissemination of ideas, to political education, and to the enlistment of political allies. A newspaper is not only a collective propagandist and a collective agitator, it is also a collective organiser. In this last respect it may be likened to the scaffolding round a building under construction, which marks the contours of the structure and facilitates communication between the builders, enabling them to distribute the work and to view the common results achieved by their organised labour’ (Lenin 1901).

[3] Number of Facebook followers correct as of 22/04/2015.

A Narrowing of the Public Sphere: Dublin Community TV Forced to Close

ImageToday DCTV announced that due to lack of funding the station will cease to operate. This represents a clear narrowing of discourse in the public sphere as DCTV through shows such as the live register and dole TV represented views and voices not seen or heard in mainstream media. In particular CMR notes that it was DCTV which covered issues of corporate governance, taxation and power in the Irish Financial Sevices Centre (IFSC); a continued blindspot of all mainstream channels. Moreover the station acted as a voice to those who normally only appear on the national airwaves as either negative stereotypes or victims without agency, such as the unemployed or minority groups.  It is particularly sad news as DCTV in recent years had been developing strongly in both its programme making and training roles and it will be severely missed by those of us constantly disappointed by the blindspots, framing and sheer prejudices of Irish mainstream media. We wish all the staff and programme makers of DCTV the very best in the future.

Below is the episode of the live register ‘the city within’ covering issues of power around the IFSC, the first serious effort to cover the issue of financial power on Irish TV:

Come here to me on the dctv closure

The full statement from DCTV is below:

It is with regret that the staff and committee of Dublin Community Television (DCTV) must inform you of the orderly wind down of the station, and the planned cessation of broadcast in February 2014.

On 21 October 2013 the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland (BAI) made it known that it would not be funding any of DCTVs archiving projectsubmissions. Alongside this decision, BAI support for DCTV projects through the Sound & Vision scheme had dropped. Funding for 2012 wasseven times higher than the funds received in 2013.

DCTV had recognised its dependence on the BAI and tried to generate alternative funding. This year the station secured significant alternative funding. However, the drop in BAI support to less than a sixth of its previous annual average left the station unable to guarantee the ability to meet its obligations in wages, rent and other costs if it continued to operate.This has been a difficult decision, not least because of the belief that the station was approaching a sustainable funding model.

DCTV started broadcasting in 2006. In that time DCTV developed youth shows, history programmes, music, comedy, information services anddocumentaries. These programmes are archived and will be preserved. DCTV also set up a city centre studio. It is hoped that the studio willcontinue to support ongoing training for community organisations and youth centres in Dublin.

There will be a meeting for the DCTV membership shortly to decide on the winding up of the co-op and other matters. DCTV still has four active television shows in production. There is a plan to complete these projects over the next five months. The co-op will examine how best to preserve the community television production capacity built by DCTV while meeting its obligations to creditors.

DCTV will be meeting with all creditors, landlords, show participants and so on to form an orderly wind down which may involve the transfer of contracts and commitments to other bodies. We would like to thank people for their support in this process as we pursue an orderly resolution of the affairs of the co-op.

We hope that the skills, productions and networks that DCTV leaves behind after six years will be a fitting legacy. The staff and committee ofDCTV thank all of the co-ops members and collaborators for their support.

The Committee of Management of Dublin Community Television



1913 Lockout Podcast – Episode 4 – Media

Basic CMYK

Episode four of the Unfinished Business 1913 podcast series is on the media, looking at different aspects of both mainstream and alternative media from 1913 to contemporary times. Henry Silke of Critical Media review took part in the podcast. For the rest of this excellent series see here

1913 Unfinished Business wants to reinvigorate class politics using the centenary of the Dublin lock-out as an inspiration and focal point.


We will engage in popular education about the events of 1913 and their contemporary relevance, producing imagery to provoke and research to inform.

2013 will see elite commemorations by government, political parties and a union leadership that has sold out the working-class. We intend to critique and oppose these attempts to sanitise this important moment in Ireland’s history of class conflict. We will endeavour to ensure, as we enter a decade of commemorations, that the workers’ story is told.

We want to work with rank-and-file union members to advance the cause of a modern, fighting union movement inspired by the one Larkin led one hundred years ago. It is time to restate the political nature of a union and reclaim the idea of it in people’s minds as a working-class, anti-capitalist institution.

We will challenge the right of today’s William Martin Murphys – oligarchs and organised business interests – to control our politics, economy and society.

The 1913 lock-out raised the fundamental question: who owns the city? Capital has shaped the urban landscape to meets its ends, we aim to assert the people’s right to shape the place where they work and live.

OurMedia Alternative and Community Media Conference Dublin 24th-25th June 2013

camprotest‘Dealing with Crisis: Community, Alternative, Citizens’ and Social Media in Times of Change’ 

OURMedia, in cooperation with the Community Communication section of IAMCR, the
Community Radio Forum of Ireland (CRAOL) and the Global Media and Social Change
section of the ICA. There is no charge for attendance. 

Pre-Conference to IAMCR 2013

City Wall Space / Dublin City University,
Dublin, Ireland
June 24-25, 2013


VENUE: Wood Quay venue, City Wall Space
Dublin City Council Civic Offices,
Wood Quay, Dublin 8.

Tea and coffee, conference pack collection from 8.30am

OPENING (9.30-10AM):

Welcome and Introduction to the Pre-Conference

SESSION 1 (10-12PM):

‘What news does Dublin need? An exploration of models of news and information that we should build for our city’

PANEL SESSION: This session is organised by Dublin City Community Media Forum with
speakers from community and alternative media groups around Dublin.


  • Donal Higgins, The Live Register (DCTV Current affairs show)
  • Jack Byrne, CRAOL / NearFM
  • James Redmond, Rabble
  • Other contributors to be announced



1PM-2.30PM (Concurrent Sessions):


  • ‘Media Power, Activism and Technology: Activist Practices in Digital Environments’ – Hilde Stephansen, Goldsmiths, University of London
  • Rethinking ‘communication power’: towards a non-media-centric approach tounderstanding communication activism – Stefania Milan, Tilburg University and The Citizen Lab, University of Toronto
  • Rethinking counter-hegemony in times of social media – Andrew O Baoill, Cazenovia College, New York.
  • Engaging with emerging technologies: opportunities and challenges for community-based media – Kate Coyer, Central European University, Budapest.
  • Feminist technology collectives and women’s rights activism –Emiliano Trere, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro (México) and Alejandro Barranquero Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (España)
  • Techno-myths in new social activism. Case study: 15M / Indignados movement in Spain


1PM-2.30PM (Concurrent Sessions):


‘Community Media and Working with Disadvantaged Groups’


This session features representatives of various community groups discussing the advantages they have gained from working with community media. The panel will be made up of migrants, people with disability and youth.

Facilitator: Sally Galiana, Radio Coordinator with NearFM, CRAOL treasurer, and AMARC Europe Vice-Chair



3.00-4.30PM (Concurrent sessions)


‘Aswatona (Our Voices): Community Media in the Arab World’

In February 2013, more than 100 community media and civil society activists gathered in Cairo for Aswatona (Our Voices) 2013 , – the second regional conference on community media in the Arab world. We heard from activists creating new community media initiatives in Gaza, northern Syria, Bahrain, Tunisia, Libya, Yemen, among others, whose experiences make all too tangible the challenges of doing community media in conditions of conflict, crisis and political transformation. This panel witnesses the role of community media in political transformation in the Arab world – how activists engaged in community communications have responded to conflict and crisis.

  • Panel Proposer: Steve Buckley, CM Solutions
  • Facilitator: Eman Jaradat, CM Solutions/Aswatona
  • Panellists:
  • Eman Jaradat, CM Solutions/Aswatona (Jordan); Radio Al Balad
  • Ahmed Samih, Radio Horytna (Egypt)
  • Wajdi Raweh, Yemeni journalist with Sheffield Live
  • Steve Buckley may join the panel live from Gaza City, connectivity permitting

SESSION 3, 3.00-4.30PM (Concurrent sessions)


‘Community Media for Peace and Development in Cyprus’ PANEL SESSION:

This panel explores the emergence of the Cyprus Community Media Centre in the UN buffer zone in Nicosia, supported by the UN Development Programme Action for Cooperation and Trust in Cyprus (UNDP-ACT). It explores CCMC’s role in bringing together Turkish Cypriot and Greek Cypriot civil society organizations, participatory communication and development processes, and digital storytelling projects as a method of building bridges between the divided communities (

  • Facilitator: John W. Higgins
  • Panellists:
  • John W. Higgins, University of San Francisco, USA (Facilitator and presenter)
  • Seán Ó Siochrú, NEXUS Research Cooperative, Dublin, Ireland
  • Pembe Mentesh, Programme Analyst, United Nations Development Programme, Action for Cooperation and Trust (UNDP-ACT), Nicosia Cyprus [via Skype]
  • Larry Fergeson, Project Manager, Cyprus Community Media Centre (CCMC), Nicosia Cyprus [via Skype]

4.30pm: DAY END

7.30pm – Evening Event

2013 is the centenary of the 1913 Lockout, a major industrial dispute that took place through pickets, strikes and competing media views in the newspapers of William Martin Murphy, the media baron who led the employer’s side and the newspapers and propaganda of the Irish Transport Union and James Connolly.
To mark the occasion and link into the OURMedia conference, DCTV is hosting an event in Liberty Hall, one of the most iconic buildings in Dublin. We will hear a historical account of the lockout and the media of the time and then a keynote speech by Frank Connolly, Communications Officer of SIPTU, Ireland’s largest trade union and previously executive director of the Centre for Public Inquiry on ‘Workers media, 1913 and 2013’.

This will be followed by a social.


VENUE: Nursing Building, Dublin City University
Glasnevin, Dublin 9

Please note the sessions at the preconference are designed to group together like-minded papers, and to facilitate a panel-type discussion that is more informal than a structured conference paper session. The organisers encourage audience engagement and discussion in these sessions.




‘Social Media and Crises’

  • Fatemeh Khonsari and Shahriar Khonsari – The Role of Social Media in 2012 North-West of Iran Earthquake
  • Sirin Dilli, Giresun University Turkey, and Sjors Bos, Editor, – The ‘Like’ Times: Community media and the opportunities of crises
  • Jose Marichal and Russell Stockard, California Lutheran University – The Promise and Perils of Defining Crisis as a “Hacking Problem”- Minttu Tikka & Johanna Sumiala, University of Helsinki, Finland.
  • Mediatized Crisis – Media Anthropological Reflections of News Making on YouTube-Emiliano Trere, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, México
  • Looking beyond social media centrism in researching activism: Mexican struggles against

neoliberal capitalism



‘Contemporary Crises in Community Media? Issues of Scale, Policy and Technology’

This panel discusses some of the recent thinking and gaps in knowledge about contemporary community media. It unpacks a set of possible crises and illustrates the value of comparative global research.

  • Facilitator: Jo Tacchi
  • Jo Tacchi, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT) (Facilitator and presenter)
  • Florencia Enghel, Karlstad University, Sweden
  • Elske van de Fliert, University of Queensland
  • Pradip Thomas, University of Queensland
  • Verena Thomas, University of Goroka
  • Silvio Waisbord (contributing, but not present for panel discussion)


SESSION 2, 11.30-1.00pm

(Concurrent sessions)

  • ‘International Perspectives on Community Media Innovations and Challenges’- Folker Hanusch, University of Sunshine Coast, Australia
  • Emphasising cultural values in creating alternatives to the mainstream: An empirical study of Māori journalists’ professional views and motivations – Rob McMahon, Simon Fraser University, Canada
  • Community-based broadband development in Canada: First Nations Innovation at the First Mile – Gergely Gosztonyi, Eotvos Lorand University, Budapest, Hungary
  • Alternative (?) Media: Aspects of the legal regulation of community media [Hungarian experience]- Priya Kapoor, Portland State University, Portland, Oregon, USA
  • Community and Transnational Media Trajectories: Community Radio in India-Manuela Grunangerl, University of Salzburg, Austria
  • Old values in bottomless pits? Dealing with the challenges of a changing media landscape:- The case of Austrian community television
  • Raúl Rodríguez, Patricia Peña, Chiara Sáez, Universidad de Chile- Crisis y cambio social en Chile (2010 – 2013). Experiencias de comunicación comunitaria y ciberactivismo: radicalización de la democracia o sólo una ilusión? Crisis and Social Change in Chile (2010-2013). Experiences of community communication and cyber-activity: Radicalization of democracy or just an illusion?


11.30-1.00pm (Concurrent sessions)


  • ‘Alternative Media, Activism and Participation’ – Bu Wei, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
  • Conceptual crises and opportunities of ‘our media’ in China: Social transformation, media power, and action-orientated media by migrant workers – Melissa Wall, California State University, USA
  • Citizen Media and Domestic Workers in Lebanon: When the Story Goes Viral – Helen Odame, University of Guelph, Canada
  • Participatory and Citizen Approaches to Video-Mediated Communication for Social and Environmental Change in Rural and Northern Canada -Sergio Villanueva Baselga, University of Barcelona
  • Documentaries produced by communities: A review of the participatory mode of representation proposed by Bill Nichols – Alejandro Barranquero and Miriam Media, Universidad Carlos III, Madrid
  • From purity to mediations. Agenda, participation and diversity in Spanish community media – Marcos Pereira Dias, University of Melbourne
  • Playing with crisis: reflecting on media ideology through participatory art





‘Other communication, Our Media and a critical environmental perspective’
(Panel primarily in Spanish)


This panel will explore the communication dimension of environmental projects in different parts of the world: two cases in Colombia, two in Bolivia, one in Chile, and one in Spain.

Facilitator: Amparo Cadavid
• Amparo Cadavid (Facilitator, and presenter), Uniminuto, Bogotá
• Alejandro Barranquero, Universidad Carlos III, Madrid
• Eliana Herrera, Uniminuto, Bogotá
• Jenny Ampuero, Universidad Autónoma “Gabriel René Moreno”, Santa Cruz
• Jair Vega, Universidad del Norte, Barranquilla
• Carlos Camacho, Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar, La Paz




‘Watchdogging the Humanitarians through Alternative, Networked Journalism’

Workshop by Jane Regan, Université d’Etat d’Haïti and Tufts University (USA)
Coordinator, Haiti Grassroots Watch

The objective of this session is to discuss with interested activist-scholars the Haiti Grassroots Watch model and its potential for replication in order to examine “development,” the “humanitarian industry” and “disaster capitalism” in other global south countries from a grassroots perspective. The session will include discussions of international law and practice as regards the humanitarian and development “industries” in the global south, the “watchdogging” track records of the commercial and state mainstream media of the global north, and a case-study section about the Haitian experiment and its principal challenges.

SESSION 3, 2.00-3.30pm

‘Using Participatory Video to Re-discover the Community’

A video-letter from children from Tlaxcalancingo (Mexico) to the world Video presentation and discussion: Claudia Magallanes-Blanco During the academic semester of fall 2012 a group of students form a private Jesuit university in the Mexican city of Puebla learned to use participatory video and then worked with children (from 6 to 13 years old) from a marginalized/semi-rural community named San Bernardino Tlaxcalancingo in the production of a videocarta (video-letter) about their community and their interests and realities. In the midst of learning or un-learning (especially for the college students) how to use the video camera the children became the teachers about their community and its traditions.


SESSION 4, 4.00-4.30pm

Closing Session: Summary of the Pre-Conference: Plenary and Discussion
‘Alternative and Community media issues for Ireland, and beyond’